What is Bergamot?

Bergamot or bergamot orange (Citrus Aurantium bergamia) is a hybrid species of plants of the family Rutaceae (citrus family). It is an evergreen tree with oblong green leaves and large fragrant flowers. Bergamot is a hybrid between orange and lemon.

Citrus bergamia tree grows typically 2 to 10 meters in height with branches, thornless, on which grow long up to 10 cm in length.

The flowers of bergamot have a strong pleasant smell, and they are bisexual, large, single, or collected in a few-flowered bunches of sheaves, white or purple.

History of Bergamot

From South-East Asia, the fruits of these plants were exported to Europe and America. The culture was widely spread in Brazil, Argentina, USA, but the biggest plantations were planted on the Ionian coast of the province of Calabria in Italy.

The name "bergamot" was given in honor of the Italian city of Bergamo, where it was first cultivated, and the production of essential oil was established.

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